Meritocracy (merit, from Latin mereō "I earn" and -cracy, from Ancient Greek κράτος kratos "strength, power") is a political philosophy holding that power should be vested in individuals almost exclusively based on ability and talent. Advancement in such a system is based on performance measured through examination and/or demonstrated achievement in the field where it is implemented.
noun, plural meritocracies.
an elite group of people whose progress is based on ability and talentrather than on class privilege or wealth.
a system in which such persons are rewarded and advanced:
The dean believes the educational system should be a meritocracy.
leadership by able and talented persons.
Definition: A meritocracy is a social system in which people’s success in life depends primarily on their talents, abilities, and effort. The idea of a meritocracy has served as in ideology through the argument that social inequality results from unequal merit rather than prejudice or discrimination.
What is meant by the term meritocracy in sociology?
“Meritocracy in sociology means that rewards in society goes naturally to those who are best performers. It says that positions or achievements of individuals in a society depends on their abilities and effort they put, and it does not depend on their class background.
irrespective of class background, people will succeed if they have talent and put sufficient effort.
Some criticize 'meritocracy' on the basis that people with lower classes have to put more effort and have to show more qualities in order to achieve similar class status and thus class or social background do have significant impact and our society is not truly meritocratic.”
“It's basically a merit-based system of promotion and leadership.”