Monday, August 15, 2016

Advantages of PED


Advantages of PED
Multiple Responses:
Advantages of Steroids and PEDs
The benefits that steroids offer to competitors in the sports world are plentiful.  Bodybuilders and athletes both use anabolic steroids to build muscle mass, reduce fatigue and enhance performance, allowing many to perform tirelessly at the most physically demanding sport.  Not only can these drugs help an athlete become more aggressive on the field, but also run faster and increase their endurance level.  When coupled together in a cycle of doses, steroids make it possible to achieve results that otherwise would have not been possible.  These advantages make steroids the most highly sought after substances in the world of sports and competition. Using PEDs and steroids wouldn't make sense if there weren't any real advantages to taking drugs that could possibly get a player suspended or banned for life from their sport. (GenXXL) Here are a few advantages of taking performance enhancing drugs or steroids:  
  • Increased leanness and muscle definition.
  • Increased muscle mass.
  • General weight gain.
  • Increased strength.
  • Increased effectiveness of training.
  • Improved recovery rate.
  • Euphoria (feelings of positivity and confidence).
  • Increased aggressiveness.
  • Increased sex drive. (GenXXL)

The drive to compete and to win is as old as humankind. Throughout history, athletes have sought foods and potions to transform their bodies into powerful, well tuned machines.  Greek wrestlers ate huge quantities of meat to build muscle, and Norse warriors ate hallucinogenic mushrooms to gear up for battle. The first competitive athletes believed to be charged with doping, which is taking drugs and other nonfood substances to improve performance, were swimmers in Amsterdam in the 1860s. Doping, with anything from strychnine and caffeine to cocaine and heroin, spread to other sports over the next several decades.

What Are the Benefits of Steroids for Athletes?
Scandals involving steroid use by sports figures are frequent--athletes appear willing to risk their health, employment, and freedom to gain an “edge” on the competition. Such risk is not surprising given the large financial rewards often involved. The use of performance-enhancing drugs is typically covert, thus well-done research showing the effects of anabolic steroids on athletes is rare. Yet testosterone treatment increases muscle strength, body size and healing rate. These benefits, however, are associated with many short-term and long-term risks.

Increased Muscle Strength
It is well known, both scientifically and anecdotally, that steroid use increases muscle strength. A recent study by Rogerston and colleagues (2007) nicely illustrates this effect of performance-enhancing drugs. These authors showed that testosterone enanthate, the most commonly used (and abused) form of testosterone, increased bench press strength and cycling performance in healthy subjects relative to placebo. Previous research had shown that such effects were typically obtained in 6 to 12 weeks of treatment, yet these researchers demonstrated significant effects within 3 weeks. These surprising results show that steroid use can quickly increase muscle strength.

Increased Body Size
The Rogerston and associates study also showed that steroid use increased body size. In fact, a large amount of research supports that finding. A well-done experiment by Giorgi and co-workers (2009) typifies such studies. The latter authors tested the effects of testosterone enanthate in healthy weight trainers. Testosterone significantly increased body weight, bicep girth and quadricep circumference. This study also revealed a increase in abdomen “tightness.” That finding is unusual, however, as most studies do not indicate a fat-reducing effect of steroid use (Hartgens and Kuipers, 2004).

Increased Healing Rate
Another documented effect of steroids is their positive impact on healing rate. The recent steroid scandals involving professional athletes such as Barry Bonds, Mark McGuire, and Roger Clemens contained repeated references to the use of performance-enhancing drugs for hastening recovery. Unfortunately, few studies testing these effects in healthy individuals are available. There is, however, a nice collection of steroid data in “trauma” subjects including people who have experienced burns and injuries. A recent study by Miller and Btaiche (2009), for example, showed that oxandrolone (a synthetic derivative of testosterone) improved lean body mass, increased muscle strength, and restored body weight in patients with severe thermal injuries.

Steroids Increase Risk
It is irresponsible to describe the benefits of steroids without mentioning the risks associated with their use. Hartgens and Kuipers (2004) present both the positive and negative effects of performance-enhancing drugs in their excellent review of the steroid literature. These authors noted that testosterone use increases unwanted libido and aggression as well as disfiguring acne and hair. Performance-enhancing drugs also alter the internal hormone milieu during (and for months after) their use. Most concerning of all, however, is the adverse cardiac effects of anabolic steroids. Exogenous testosterone increases resting blood pressure and decreases “good” cholesterol level. In addition, steroids alter heart structure and function.

10 Reasons Performance Enhancing Drugs Should be Legal
Performance Enhancing Drugs Should Be Legalized In Sports
The use of performance-enhancing drugs, or doping, is hardly news. It has certainly occurred since the first Olympic Games took place in 776 B.C. Ancient Olympic champions used hallucinogens and stimulants, as well as herb mixtures in order to improve their fights and stave off fatigue and injuries during their game battles. But unlike before when the use of drugs was perfectly acceptable, it has now been banned in all sports competitions. The reasons for the ban are mainly due to the alleged adverse health effects of the use of them and the belief that it creates inequality and unfair opportunities for players.

Yet, despite being banned in sports, the use of illegal substances is still widespread and growing worldwide. Today, it is not only common among professional athletes, like Lance Armstrong and Alex Rodriguez, but also seen to be rife in schools and gyms across the U.S. Many people, particularly who are in the sports field, are now relying on performances-enhancing drugs to better their performance, improve their bodies, and keep their careers going. Advocates of PEDs argue that rather than banning, we should regulate the use of them. And here are the reasons why:

10. If PEDS Are Regulated, They Will Be Safer.
Performance enhancing drugs should be legalized because they can be safely regulated

One of the very reasons why performance-enhancing drugs, such as steroids, stimulants, erythropoietin, and creatine, are banned in sports is because they are believed to cause long-term health effects. While it’s true that these drugs have potential side effects, they may only occur if taken improperly or excessively. Most athletes, who take PEDs, suffer adverse side effects because they use them with little knowledge and guide from their doctors. Remember that just like other drugs, there is a correct dosage of how much PEDs should be taken by every individual. In the book entitled, Performance-Enhancing Drugs, the Council for Responsible Nutrition (CRN) states that PEDs, such as creatine and ephedra, are safe when used within the recommended dosage.
Performance-enhancing drugs have tremendous benefits – that’s why they are created and made available in the market. However, the current ban for using these substances prevents athletes from realizing those benefits; worse, it restricts them from accessing the help and supervision they need. Without proper regulation, athletes will never know exactly how these substances work and affect their bodies. Most people don’t know that most of the dangers that come from these substances lie in not knowing the safe dosage and what they do to your body. Allowing performance-enhancing drugs in sports would make our athletes safer because it will make them aware of what amounts of dosage provide maximum benefits and harmful effects. Proper regulation will also allow athletes to go and seek for qualified physicians than rely to backroom hucksters with no medical background. And if legal, more research can be done to make PEDs a lot safer and effective.
9. Peds Make The Games More Interesting And Entertaining.
Performancing enhancing drugs improve sports
Another reason why it makes sense to allow the use of performance-enhancing drugs in sports is because they make the game more exciting. Let’s be honest, sports fans! Who wouldn’t want to see their team’s best player throwing a fastball over 100mph or another guy equaling or breaking a national record?
Unlike television shows or movies, sports competitions become more entertaining when you see people perform at the extreme edge of what humans are capable of. We, the sports fans, don’t want to see normal things, hear normal stories, or witness normal events – we want to watch extraordinary athletes do extraordinary physical feats because that what makes us entertained. In fact, people don’t really care about if athletes use PEDs or not; people don’t care about how athletes do the impossible; people don’t care about how they accomplish those efforts of greatness. All they want is to see them do those things, if possible, over and over again.
Washington Post columnist Eugene Robinson once wrote “…we, the paying customers, don’t want normal-size athletes with normal abilities. We want to see supermen and superwomen performing super feats, and we’re willing to pay these gladiators a fortune.”
8. It Would Be Beneficial To The Business.
Legalizing Performance Enhancing Drugs would be great for business. Make it rain!

As what Robinson said, people are willing to pay good money just to see the best athletes play. No matter how expensive the tickets get and how tough the economy becomes, people will continue to watch sports because they are yearning to see something unusual. And because of performance-enhancing drugs, those yearnings are achieved. PEDs make the players stronger, faster, and better in their performance. They make the games worth watching.
Remember the 1998 baseball season when Mark McGwire and Sammy Sosa raced towards the 61 home runs? According to reports, it was one of the greatest seasons ever in the history of baseball. In fact, it is believed to be the game that saved the America’s favorite pastime.
Now, we all know that both players used PEDs in order to achieve those performances. But people didn’t care. In fact, people continue to talk about it to this day and still feel the excitement of what happened more than 15 years ago. Just like what Prof. Max Mehlman said on an article in, “There is nothing fundamentally wrong or ethically objectionable to PEDs.” In fact, it makes the competition more fun. And this benefits all the involved – the fans, the athletes, and the sports industry.
7. Banning The Use Of Peds Is A Waste Of Time And Money.
Failing to legalize PEDs is waste of time, energy and most of all money.

One of the biggest reasons why PEDs should finally be allowed in sports is because the government is already wasting enormous amount of money and time on sports testing that doesn’t even work. The cost of a basic steroid test is $200 per individual. Multiply this by the number of athletes we have in the U.S. plus the number of times a player undergoes testing each year, and the government is looking at spending millions of dollars per year on drug testing alone. What’s worse is that these tests couldn’t even catch doping athletes. Lance Armstrong, who was an avid PEDs user, never tested positive for doping but rather was only caught or admitted using illegal substances. In 2012 Olympic Games, only one out of 6,000 players was tested positive for drug use.
The thing is athletes are not stupid. They know how to use various techniques in order to avoid detection. And no matter what the government does to effectively catch users (even spend billions of dollars in advance research), athletes will always find a way to evade it. So it’s time for the government to allow athletes use PEDs. It would save the country billions of dollars. And we could use the money to fund important programs, such as helping the poor, improving our school systems, paying off our debts, and making the sports competitions a lot safer.
6. The Use Of Drugs In Sports Is Not Unfair; In Fact, It Promotes Equality.
Legalizing PEDs fosters equality
In terms of sports, the perception that everyone has the same chance at winning is totally ridiculous. The playing field isn’t level, it has never been. Athletes in developed communities have a greater advantage over athletes in less developed communities because they have more funding, sports institutions, and easy access to healthcare. Is that fair?
And let’s not forget that there are some people who are born with genetic advantages. Take for instance Eero Mantyranta, a Finish skier and a multiple Olympic champion. In 1960-1972 Winter Olympics, Mantyranta won seven medals in total, making him one of the best in the field of skiing. But later, scientists found he had a gene mutation – that he naturally had more red blood cells than others, which measured at up to 65 percent above the average. Imagine that? Mantyranta’s niece and nephew, Elli and Pertti, have also found to have gene mutation, which gave them an advantage to win in relays at Olympics.
The ability to perform well in competition is connected with the ability of the body to deliver oxygen to muscles. As we know, oxygen is carried by red bloods cells. Therefore, the more red blood cells the body has, the more oxygen is delivered to muscles. This in turn, improves an athlete’s performance.
Well, there are various legal ways in order to improve your red blood cell count, such as undergoing blood transfusion and surgery, exercising, eating iron-rich food, and taking vitamins and iron-rich supplements. But all these sometimes produce low results and sometimes don’t work well, so athletes turn to other options, such as doping, to increase their red blood cell production easily. But as well all know, doping is illegal. Lawmakers and sports organizers make doping illegal because they think it makes the playing field uneven. But some athletes have high red blood cells by luck. Some competitors can afford to buy training equipment. Is that fair? Of course, it is not. Therefore, it is nonsensical to say that using drugs in sports is unfair. By allowing athletes to take PEDs, we’re giving all athletes an equal playing field.
5. It Would Reduce Crime.
Legalizing Performance Enhancing Drugs will reduce crime
Allowing the use of drugs in sports would reduce crime in the sense that less people would be breaking the law for taking them and less drug lords would be able to remain in business.
Illegal drug trade is highly profitable – the very reason why drug dealers are so motivated to keep distributing them in the market. The value of illegal drug trade around the globe is worth a fortune estimated at $322 billion a year, according to United Nations. And the value is continuously rising. Worse, more and more people are found to be involved in the distribution of these illegal substances. In a 2013 report from Australian Crime Commission (ACC), it was revealed that the use of performance-enhancing drugs has been widespread in professional sports. Even worse, it has been found that organized criminals are involved in distributing illegal substances not just to athletes, but even to their doctors and coaches.
If all countries would allow the use of PEDs in sports, it would substantially reduce the involvement of organized criminals in the doping market. If legal, athletes and sports staff will be able to easily purchase them from licensed distributors, which will eventually put the drug dealers out of business.
4. Drugs Don’t Play As Big A Role In The Match As Many People Like To Think.
Performance Enhancing Drugs don’t make all the difference skill, technique and talent still matter
Contrary to popular belief, using performance-enhancing drugs doesn’t make you win. Sure, drugs can help you better your performance and improve your body, but using them doesn’t guarantee winning. Many sports rely on skills as well as physical ability. Even if you take higher dosages, if you don’t have the right skill or don’t train, you’re not going to be able to compete in battles. Have you already seen a fat, drunk truck driver dope and go win a car race?
One more thing is that performance-enhancing drugs were not made to work like a magic – that anyone who take them will surely become faster, better, and stronger. Every person is different, and reacts in a unique way to drugs. A drug that works for one person may not work for another. And when it works, it doesn’t mean it will work all the time.
Take for instance the British track sprinter, Dwain Chambers. We all know how great he was. After his first athletic success in 1994, Dwain started to collect medals and beat international records, which made him one of the fastest sprinters in his generation. But he eventually faced one the most difficult times in his life when he competed at a Commonwealth Games in 2002. He actually did well with wins in the preliminary rounds in his bid for 100m gold, but in the finals, he pulled up with cramps and finished last. He later admitted that one of the reasons his muscles cramped up was because of the side effects of steroids he was taking at that time. Occasionally, it worked for him, but there were also times that it worked against him. See? There’s no reason to ban drugs as drugs don’t make you a better athlete, hard work does.
3. Banning Peds Doesn’t Make Sense.
Banning Performance Enhancing Drugs is Nonsense
One of the reasons why PEDs are banned in sports is due to the safety of athletes. Okay, assuming that PEDs are unhealthy, would it keep the players safe if they avoid taking them? Of course, not. We all know that many sports carry their own physical and health risks. Even while you’re just walking onto the playing field or standing at one side of it, you could still suffer serious consequences because there’s no such thing as “guaranteed safety” in life.

And there’s this fact that athletes do so many things that are bad for their health, such as smoking and alcohol drinking, so it doesn’t make sense to ban PEDs because of safety purposes.

One more thing is that I don’t understand why performance-enhancing drugs are such a big deal? We all know that all medicines have side effects. Painkillers, caffeine, and other substances that are used to treat ailments can be as harmful as steroids, cocaine, and heroin when abused, yet no one seem to care if you take too much of them. Even if you drink 10 cups of coffee in a day, no one would certainly care. So if painkillers and caffeine are legal, why PEDs are not?

2. Athletes Are Going To Use Peds Regardless Of Rules.
Athletes will always find a way to get an edge
In the book entitled Ethics of Performance Enhancement in Sport: Drugs and Gene Doping, the authors said, “It would be much easier to eliminate the anti-doping rules than to eliminate doping.” And that’s true. Whether it’s legal or not, people will continue to take performance-enhancing drugs. Even the top players in sports will keep on using them because that’s the easiest way to boost their confidence, improve their skills, and combat pain during game play.
The only way to fix this long-standing issue is to finally legalize them. After all, legalization would be beneficial, not only to the athletes, but to the entire nation. As mentioned, it could help the country save cost, help law officials reduce their burdens, help the sports industry improve revenue, make the sports fairer, and make the athletes a lot safer.
1. My Body, My Choice.
Performance enhancing drugs should be legalized because athletes should be able to make the decision to use or not.

And finally, we should legalize PEDs because all of us, including athletes, have the right to do what we want with our own body. People are not stupid; of course they know that drugs, if abused, can be dangerous in their health. But some people still choose to use them because they know that they can benefit from them. And even if drugs don’t provide any benefit, it’s still up to them to decide whether to take them or not because it’s their own body. Of course, it is understandable why the government enforce laws regarding the use of substances, especially if it harms others. There’s actually nothing wrong about that. However, taking drugs for personal use shouldn’t be anyone else’s business. It’s our right to do whatever we want with our own body. After all, isn’t this a free country?
As what the American journalist Radley Balko said, “…a free society isn’t really free at all if it doesn’t include the freedom to make what some may believe are bad decisions.”

The Benefits of Performance Enhancing Drugs
There’s a reason athletes use performance enhancing drugs. They may have a lot of side effects, but they also have a lot of benefits. These benefits allow athletes to play better, keeping their careers going and keeping them employed. With the pressures on athletes to perform, performance enhancing drugs have been a way for them to keep up with the competition. Since their livelihood depends on performance, it’s not a surprise that players take advantage of the benefits of performance enhancing drugs.

There are four types of performance enhancing drugs. These types include stimulants, steroids, human growth hormone and erythropoietin. Stimulants increase energy levels so athletes can work out harder. They can also help athletes lose weight. Steroids and human growth hormones work to increase muscle mass. Erythropoietin increases the red blood cells' capacity for carrying oxygen.

Performance enhancing drugs help the body build muscle faster. This makes the person stronger with less effort. Some performance enhancing drugs increase muscle mass. Performance enhancing drugs give athletes more energy and increase endurance. Overall, these effects give athletes an advantage over their competitors and allow them to perform beyond their potential without the drugs.

Performance enhancing drugs come in many forms. Some are available in pill form. Other performance enhancing drugs such as steroids are injections. Some athletes use steroids as topical creams that the body absorbs. Blood doping includes blood transfusions that help increase oxygen-carrying capacities.

After stopping performance enhancing drugs, the body will lose muscle and power quickly. Other side effects include fatigue, withdrawals, increase in body fat, loose and sagging skin and mental problems.

While performance enhancing drugs have many benefits, there are also issues with overdose. Athletes thinking to increase the dose of substances beyond recommended doses need to consider that the benefits may not increase with the dosage, and that the listed side effects are more likely to occur. Overdose is also possible. Recommended dosage is the optimum dose for athletic benefit.


While drug tests are mandatory for most sports, there are still a large number of athletes who continue to use performance enhancing drugs. For them, the benefits of performance enhancing drugs outweigh the risks of getting caught.

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