Guizhou is a province of the People's Republic of China located in the southwestern part of the country. Its capital city is Guiyang.
Guizhou is a multi-minority province in southwest mainland China. It is surrounded by Sichuan Province to the north, the Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region to the south, Yunnan Province to the west, and Hunan Province to the east. With its marvelous landscapes, simple ethnic customs, cultural and historical relics, and pleasant climate, Guizhou is attracting more and more tourists, both domestic and international.
The average annual temperature in Guizhou is 15 °C (59 °F). The coldest time of the year is January, with average temperatures of 5 °C (41 °F), and the hottest time is July, with temperatures hitting 24 °C (75 °F). Guizhou is in the humid subtropics monsoon climate region, and has yearly rainfall of 1000–1300 millimeters. Guizhou is not too hot in the summer and not too cold in the winter, and has become the perfect summer resort for tourists.
Most of the amazing scenic spots are located in areas in which minorities live. The unique landscapes, remarkable mountains and caves, and brilliant history and culture make a lasting impression on tourists. Huangguoshu Waterfall, 80 meters wide and 74 meters high, is the biggest and most famous waterfall in China and Asia. Dragon Palace is a spectacular underground Karst cave located 32 kilometers southwest of Anshun, Guizhou. You can take a boat to see the splendid sights of the caves.
Zhijindong Cave is another highlight of Guizhou. It is well-known for its massive scale, stone pagodas, and large number of stalactites and stalagmites. There are more than 50 types of Karst topography in the cave, and it is boasted as the "Museum of Karst Topography".
In addition to enjoying the scenery, tourists can explore the rich and varied folk customs and cultures of the different minorities living in the region. Apart from the Han people, 10 other minority groups live in Guizhou, including the Miao, Buyi, Dong, Tujia, Yi, Gelao, Shui, Hui, and Bai, whose populations total more than 100,000. Guizhou has the country's third largest minority group population. Different ethnic groups account for 37% of the province's total population of 37.5 million, and Guizhou is home to 49 minority groups. With its numerous minorities, Guizhou offers tourists a different and fresh festival experience. There are over 100 ethnic festivals throughout the year, including bullfights, dragon boat races, horse races, and Lusheng (a type of instrument) dancing. Some villages remain untouched by tourists. The minorities, who wear colorful and beautiful ethnic clothing, maintain most of their unique customs, and they are very hospitable and kind. They still hold many complex and traditional welcoming ceremonies, worship their totems, and play their own euphonious music while dancing.
Kaili is one of the most popular destinations in Guizhou. It is where most minorities gather and the area attracts a large number of foreigners from all over the world. At Kaili, one can see elders weaving with old wooden looms, making paper with the oldest technology, tasting homemade wine made by minorities, and joining in local festivals or special events, such as Lusheng dancing, Miao, and Dong New Year. With all of this, you will feel like staying longer to experience the purity of their lives.
Guizhou Travel Tips
- Road Conditions: Some areas that you will visit are very remote so be prepared for twisty mountain roads and some which are rough.
- Hotel: The facilities and service standard at hotels in Guizhou will not be the same standard of larger cities. Air conditioning is available in some better 、hotels. Only Chinese breakfasts may available in some towns.
- Please respect the local customs. If you are visiting local ethnic families, a small inexpensive gift form your home country would be regarded very highly.
- The temperature can differ greatly between day and night in some places so warm clothes are required even in summer.
- Bring shoes suitable for walking.
- The mosquito-repellent is also necessary when you touring village areas.