Things to do in Canada
Every July, millions of people come to Calgary's Stampede Park to take part in one of the world's largest rodeos and other popular activities such as chuckwagon racing and agricultural shows.
Niagara Falls (Niagara Falls)
This is really a beautiful sight. Niagara Falls is quite the tourist trap but the falls are beautiful and in the summer the flowers are beautiful. Travel tip if you go in the winter there are less people. It is colder but you can get around more easily.
Stanley Park (Vancouver)
Very cool park to visit! Bring your roller blades, bike or walking shoes. If it's warm don't miss out by getting your feet wet! Check the tide schedule, I recommend going when the tide is going out, lots of marine life there if you stop and take the time. Breath in the salty air and enjoy your day. There is a few vendors around, the teahouse is a really nice touch to the day if you have the chance. Bring your camera!
Old Quebec (Quebec City)
A great piece of history and must see. The old city reminds a traveller of the history of quebec, Canada, France, and England
Notre-Dame Basilica (Montreal)
This church is stunning inside and out. It cost us $5 each to enter and explore this beautiful church. It is the same church that Celine Dion was married in. If you enjoy looking around old churches with a lot of details and unique designs, you'll want to check this one out.
Butchart Gardens (Central Saanich)
You cannot put into words how magical this place is. Around every corner is something absolutely breathtaking. If you are visiting Victoria Butchart Gardens is not to be missed!
Peak 2 Peak Gondola (Whistler)
Superb experience with stunning views from every angle! The hike through the ice walls was amazing, never seen anything like it.
Moraine Lake (Lake Louise)
Road opened 24 May which, for us, was perfect timing. Worth the walk up to the view point. Stunning even before the glacial melt. Friendly chipmunks (ground squirrels) in area too. Heard an avalanche whilst there but didn't see it. Sounds eerily like rumbles of thunder.
Seawall in Vancouver (Vancouver)
The seawall extends throughout the city and is a great place to walk and see the city, especially on a nice day. The path is well used by bikes, runners and walkers so it can get a bit busy at times, but it has some really beautiful spots and is well walking at least part of it.
Wild Pacific Trail (Ucluelet)
We went for a lovely walk with my 89 year old mother. Scenery was beautiful. Well kept trail with lots of benches to sit on if you want to just look at the scenery.
All of the things to do in Canada vary across the 2nd largest country in the world. Rarely does a country have as much variety and natural beauty as Canada, from the highest tides in world at the Bay of Fundy in the East to the rare temperate rain forests on the West coast.
Make sure to also visit the new attraction on the CN Tower where you can stand on the edge of the tower looking out at Toronto with a harness
If you would like to get to know the real Canada then investigate everything in-between. The prairie provinces of Saskatchewan and Manitoba are expanses and the bread basket of Canada and also prepare one for the gracious and majestic beauty of the Canadian Rockies. Here are the Top 5 things to do in Canada:
Horseshoe Falls (Niagara Falls Canada Side):
Niagara Falls – Niagara Falls, Canada
Across the border from Niagara Falls, they dwarf the American Falls. The name actually comes from the shape that nature has created. Be sure to eat at the Skylon Tower which provides a 360 degree panoramic view of the area. Don’t forget to make a reservation because walk-ins may not be seated. We compared Niagara with Iguazu Falls in this post. Being only a short ride from Toronto this is one of the most popular things to do in Canada.
Le château Frontenac Vieux-Québec
If you want to experience a uniquely different culture the Quebecois would be happy to oblige. From the art, the food, and even the music, this area of Canada is distinctly French Canadian. Make sure to brush up on your French because it will make your experience more worthwhile, you can search for a French tutor on takelessons.com. Montreal is 2nd largest French speaking city in the world right after Paris and is what I consider the American Paris. If you want to familiarize yourself with the history of Colonial France, stop by Quebec City which is the only city in North America that is stone walled.
The City of Toronto:
Toronto Canada Skyline
One of the most cosmopolitan and international cities in the world and one of top Canada attractions. You can experience almost every culture in this incredibly diverse city. From the art, cuisine, fashion, and even entertainment.
The CN tower gives an impressionable view of the great lake that surrounds Toronto. Dundas Square is the Canadian reinvention of Times Square, lesser in size and prestige.
Toronto makes up in size in what it has in festivals in the summer. The city erupts with festivals what seems like every weekend, you can even attend some of the largest festivals in the world here. Caribana, one of the great things to do in Canada, is the 3rd largest Caribbean festival in the world.
New Brunswick & Nova Scotia:
Hopewell Rocks in Bay of Fundy, New Brunswick
Explore the natural wonder of the Bay Fundy which boasts the most impressive tides in the world. One of the popular Canada attractions they don’t tell you about is the lobster meals served in this part of old Canada (some of the best lobster in the world.
A fortress city lies perfectly preserved in time from the 18th century in Louisbourg, Nova Scotia.
There are also impressive sites in Halifax, the capital of Nova Scotia. If you enjoy pristine ocean views take a drive along Cabot trail on Cape Breton Island. It is North America’s answer to the Amalfi Coast in Italy.
British Colombia & The Canadian Rockies:
The Canadian Rockies are the cathedrals of North America. Be sure to visit the Fairmont Chateau on Lake Louise which gives a taste of old Europe. In addition to visiting Vancouver, it’s worth while to take a ferry to the capital of Victoria.
Visit the wax museum and the colorful Butchart gardens outside of the city.
Cap off your trip with high tea and crumpets at the Empress Princess Hotel and Tea House to see what life was like in the British Empire during the 19th century.
The waiters and even the ladies take this event very seriously which can be evident by the clothes they wear. If time persists you can go whale watching at certain times of the year as well.
5 Things to Do in Canada That Will Surprise You
You may think you know a lot about the country that shares America’s longest land border. But if you’ve only been to iconic spots like Niagara Falls, the Rocky Mountains or the CN Tower, then you’re missing out. Visiting one of these lesser-known gems will expand your Great White North knowledge to include more than just ice hockey, maple syrup and back bacon. Make plans to discover a whole new Canada with one of these unique activities.
When to Go: August and September (special anniversary celebration on August 15, 2013)
The Reason: Let’s face it: Wolves get a bad wrap. Even Twilight movie fans who are Team Jacob wouldn’t be too happy bumping into a pack at night. Yet, in Canada, hundreds of people are packing into their cars and heading north to seek them out. This summer marks the 50th anniversary of the Wolf Howl in Algonquin Park. Each year, guests to the park watch park rangers call out to the area’s packs with their best howls. The packs answer back, and then everyone heads out in expert–led car caravans to try to catch a glimpse of the creatures up close. Expect as many as 1,000 people to join you on the weekly experience. While public howls are free, you can arrange for special group tours of 4 or more visitors at a minimum fee of $220 plus taxes.
When to Go: May to October
The Reason: The Bay of Fundy is home to the world’s highest tides. At their peak, they can reach 54 feet in some areas. Join adventure lovers in a kayak for exploration at high tide or take it in from the craggy cliff shores. Return at low tide, after the 100 billion tons of seawater have receded for the unique experience of walking on the ocean floor. From the age-old fossils to the water-carved rock formations with names like “mother-in-law” and “the bear,” you’ll find plenty to marvel at. When the water starts to lap at your ankles, it’s probably time to find higher ground.
When to Go: Year-round, but the most activity happens in the summer months
The Reason: There’s only one city in the world where you’ll find an 86-foot-tall, 151-foot-long dinosaur standing at its center. Welcome to Drumheller, the city situated in what has become affectionately known as Dinosaur Valley. The first dinosaurs were unearthed here in the 1800s, and they’ve been finding them ever since. Buy tickets in advance for tours at Dinosaur Provincial Park where you’re likely to find a paleontologist or two still digging. A visit to the Royal Tyrrell Museum of Paleontology is also a must. The town is usually buzzing in the summer with in-the-know families who’ve packed up the kids and are taking advantage of unique programs like dinosaur digs and campouts. Book early to join in the fun.
When to Go: November to mid-February (best viewing is from mid-December to mid-January)
The Reason: It may be the symbol of American pride, but when a bald eagle wants a family reunion, it heads to Canada. The food is already waiting; salmon spawning in the glacial waters that run into the rivers here make for a smorgasbord the eagles can’t resist. The result is the largest annual gathering of bald eagles in North America. The outdoors enthusiasts at Sunwolf offer guided boat tours on the river so you can watch the majestic birds in action while getting the expert information and photo ops you’re after.
When to Go: June to October
The Reason: You won’t end up in L’anse aux Meadows by accident. A visit to this National Historic site and one-time home to Eric the Red’s son Lief will take you to the northern tip of this Maritime province. But if you enjoy scenic routes, iceberg sightings and history come to life, it’s a must-see. Stop in at the Viking Interpretive Centre for a history lesson, and then head down to Norstead – a recreated Viking trade port – to try your hand at throwing an ax. Join a Viking for dinner inside a replica sod house down the road, and hear the stories about life in 1000 B.C. from a costumed interpreter. Good food and a great story to take home are guaranteed.
Why go: This city is all about sports and embracing the outdoors. Vancouverites spend their days skiing on Grouse Mountain, surfing at Wreck Beach and strolling through Stanley Park. Plus, Vancouver offers plenty of cultural attractions, including museums and outdoor markets.
Why go: Montreal is a city of juxtaposition: Skyscrapers rub elbows with the 17th century architecture of Old Montreal, while the familiar sounds of English intermingle with the foreign buzz of French. Boulevard Saint-Laurent is a world-class shopping district by day and a popular party scene by night.
Why go: Nestled along the foothills of the Canadian Rockies, this tiny mountain town is a haven for both nature enthusiasts and luxury-seekers. Visitors can spend their days skiing or hiking before retiring to one of the several opulent hotels for some spa therapy and a hearty bison steak.
Why go: "Big" doesn't even begin to describe this Ontario city. Composed of numerous cultural pockets (such as Greektown, Little India and Koreatown), Toronto transports you around the globe. With such diversity to experience, you can practically call yourself a world traveler after visiting.
Why go: A trip to Europe may not be in your budget, but a visit to Québec City could be. This Canadian city charms its visitors with 17th and 18th century buildings. The aromas of freshly baked bread and brewing espresso fill the cobblestone streets with the essence of Paris.
Why go: Whistler encourages adventure travelers to take it up a notch. This Canadian resort town boasts everything from skiing and snowboarding to bungee jumping off bridges. Travelers can spend their down time in Whistler Village enjoying the boutique shops and tasty restaurants.
Why go: While Montreal and Québec City honor Canada's French roots, Victoria pays tribute to the country's British heritage. Many visit British Columbia's capital for afternoon tea at the Empress or a tour of Parliament. Others are interested in touring Vancouver Island's wineries and whale-watching from its harbors.
Why go: Visitors flock here each year to see the wondrous falls for themselves. With the Niagara River plummeting over the 170-foot drop at up to 68 miles an hour, the falls are this destination's main draw. But the area also offers a variety of other attractions like museums, wineries and casinos.
Why go: Canada's capital may not be as big as Toronto or as historic as Montreal, but Ottawa has plenty going for it. The city's small size makes it manageable, its laid-back atmosphere makes it personable, and its springtime tulip blooms make it colorful.Read More»
There are hundreds of great things to do across Canada this summer. Here are just 50.
1. Tour an airborne firefighter
Originally built as bombers for long-range missions and patrols, Coulson Flying Tankers now drop 60,000 pounds of foam on raging forest fires. With wingspans of 200 feet (wider than a 747), they reside at Sproat Lake in central Vancouver Island. Free tours when crews aren't putting out flames. www.martinmars.com
2 Paddle into the setting sun
A sunset kayaking tour from Gabriola Island (20 minutes by ferry from Nanaimo) offers a multitude of treats, from the gaudy display in the sky to the eye-level view of otters, seals and (look up!) bald eagles. $45 a person, with two-person minimum. www.jimskayaking.com
3. Zip it
Whistle over whitewater and old-growth forest on a series of zip lines, some as long as 2,200 feet. Perfect for adrenalin junkies. Adults $98 to $119. www.whistler.com/zipline
4. Feed the sea lions
Take a behind-the-scenes tour of the Vancouver Aquarium. Learn all about the sea lions and sea otters from staff, prepare some of their favourite treats and get up close to the animals while working alongside their trainers. $25 to $35. www.vanaqua.org
5. Seek a sea serpent
Did you know that Canada has its own version of the Loch Ness monster? There have been plenty of sightings of Ogopogo, a snakelike creature said to be anywhere from six to 20 metres long, in Okanagan Lake in the B.C. Interior. Try your luck. www.ogopogoquest.com
6. Saddle up for cowgirl boot camp
At Elkin Creek Guest Ranch in the spectacular Chilcotin Mountains, you'll be solidly trained in the three Rs: riding, roping and rustling up some grub over an open fire. $825 a person, double occupancy, for three nights, including meals and activities. Cowgirls only June 13 to 15.www.adventurewestresorts.com
7. Embark on a fossil safari
Dino teeth and bones are literally lying around Dinosaur Provincial Park north of Brooks, in the southeast of the province. Once the edge of an inland sea, this UNESCO World Heritage Site is one of the world's richest fossil beds. Reserve a tour at least a month ahead. Adults $8. 403-378-4344; tprc.alberta.ca/parks/dinosaur
8. Peer at the petroglyphs
Ancient rock carvings, paintings and pictographs at Writing-on-Stone Provincial Park, about 100 km southeast of Lethbridge, vividly depict hunting, vision quests and scenes of battle. It's the largest concentration of rock art on the North American plains, some of them up to 6,000 years old. 403-647-2364; gateway.cd.gov.ab.ca/site-information. aspx?id=177
9. Bask in the spray of North America's largest manmade waterfall
At 210 feet (64 metres) high, Edmonton's Great Divide Waterfall is higher than Niagara Falls. Activated on holiday weekends in the spring and summer. Check out the schedule at www.edmonton.ca.
10. Strathmore Heritage Days Stampede
And you thought you had to go to Pamplona for the running of the bulls. This stampede offers the traditional chuckwagon races, rodeo events and monster truck rides. On top of that, for $25 (yes, you pay!), you can don a red shirt and run a track with a rampaging bull behind you.www.strathmorerodeo.com
11. Go zorbing
Straight from New Zealand, comes the latest thrill sport: At Canada Olympic Park just west of Calgary, you can flip and bounce down a hill in what is essentially a giant hamster ball. May through September, $30.www.canadaolympicpark.ca/home/activities.asp?season=summer
12. Discover Moose Jaw's Capone connection
Sleepy Moose Jaw earned the moniker "Little Chicago" in the 1920s, when American gangsters rode the rails north to beat the heat of Prohibition. Tour the underground tunnels -- complete with animatronics -- where Al Capone's mob ran their bootleg operation. Adults $13.www.tunnelsofmoosejaw.com
13. Get a vision of the Prairies, pre-contact
Grasslands National Park in the southern end of the province preserves one of the country's only undisturbed tracts of mixed prairie grassland. Look for Canada's only black-tailed prairie dog colony and rare pronghorn antelope, burrowing owl and bison. Guided hikes $4.90 a person. pc.gc.ca/pn-np/sk/grasslands
14. Take a Mountie crash course
Shaped like a prairie snowdrift, the new RCMP Heritage Centre in Regina celebrates all things Mountie. There's an interactive forensics display for budding CSIs, an array of transport from dogsleds to planes and tales of life on the frontier, when the RCMP befriended Sitting Bull, tamed Klondike prospectors and organized manhunts. Adults $12.www.rcmpheritagecentre.com
15. Bust out a-town session
Our skater lingo may be a little sketchy, but the skateboard park at the Plaza in Winnipeg's vibrant Forks neighbourhood is distinctly, well, gnarly. Covering an area of more than 44,000 square feet, it boasts a 30,000-square-foot plaza and 8,500-square-foot bowl complex with a 17-foot cradle. Free. www.theforks.com
16. Go snaky
Got a reptile-crazy kid? In spring, tens of thousands of red-sided garter snakes congregate in a writhing, wriggling (procreating) mass for several weeks at the snake dens of Narcisse, about two hours north of Winnipeg. Free. gov.mb.ca/conservation/wildlife/managing/snakes
17. Be one with the belugas
Some 3,000 belugas make the Churchill River estuary their summer home, attracted by its abundant fish, lack of predators and pollution-free water. Sea North Tours tows game snorkellers behind a Zodiac with curious whales in hot pursuit. $150 for two hours.www.seanorthtours.com
18. Golf under the midnight sun
Tee off at midnight during Yellowknife Golf Club's Canadian North Midnight Classic and play as long as you can. The record: In 1970, a local man golfed 171 holes in a 33.5-hour marathon. Non-members $125. www.yellowknifegolf.com
19. Great Northern Arts Festival
Up to 120 Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal artists and performers from across the North congregate in Inuvik for 10 days of workshops, demonstrations, children's activities and a comprehensive Festival Gallery. Evening performances of song, dance and storytelling.www.gnaf.org
20. Win a diamond in the rough
The Deh Cho travel route circles through Alberta, the Northwest Territories and British Columbia among some of the world's wildest places. Pick up a Deh Cho passport before heading out. Acquire 12 "diamond in the rough" stamps and you could win an $11,500 Canadian diamond. www.dehchotravelconnection.com/contest/index.htm
21. Sip a cocktail with the lights of Toronto strung out before you
Good bets include the Panorama (on the 51st floor of the Manulife Centre; eatertainment. com); Canoe (atop the TD Tower; oliverbonacini. com) and the Roof Lounge on the 18th floor of the Park Hyatt (parktoronto.hyatt.com).
22. Parade with the swans
Heralded by horns and trumpets and led by children and pipers, at 2 p.m. Stratford's famous swans waddle from their winter quarters to the Avon River, ushering in the arrival of spring. Other special events: concerts and tours of the Stratford Shakespeare Festival's costume warehouse. www.welcometostratford.com
23. Walk in the clouds
Haliburton Forest and Wildlife Reserve's suspended walkway through the canopy of a 200-year-old pine forest feels a bit like an ectomorphic trampoline. Take in breathtaking views and, if you're really lucky, catch a glimpse of wolves, foxes and moose. $95 for a four-hour tour.www.haliburtonforest.com
24. Channel your inner Van Gogh
The lake, dunes, fields and barns of laid-back Prince Edward County (two and a half hours east of Toronto) provide endless fodder for wannabe artists. Stay at a B & B (pec.on.ca) and sign up for the County Art Workshops' three-day weekends (www.thecountyartworkshops. com; $240) or a weekend glass, pottery or watercolour class (www.theredbarns.com; $200 to $300).
25. Go directly to gaol
From 1842 to 1972, the Huron County Museum and Historic Gaol in Goderich housed a gaggle of thieves, murderers, debtors, madmen and starving itinerants in its 48 tiny cells. (Wrongfully convicted Stephen Truscott heard hammering and feared they were building a scaffold for him.) The staff tell great tales. Adults $5. www.huroncounty.ca/museum
26. Cultivate a Blyth spirit
Early in his career with the quirky Blyth Theatre Festival, artistic director Eric Coates saw a calf delivered on stage when a cow, who was "performing" in a play, went past her due date. Specializing in original Canadian works, the annual summer fest in Blyth, about 60 minutes north of London, has premiered 87 plays. www.blythfestival.com
27. Afternoon tea? A capital idea
The nation's capital, that is. Tea at Ottawa's Fairmont Chateau Laurier kicks off with the arrival of the "tea sommelier," followed by an array of sandwiches, desserts and (our favourite) warm scones. Posh, but not so pinky-in-the-air that kids feel awkward. (When one tyke dumped his fruit salad in his lap a few minutes in, the evidence was whisked away discreetly.) 613-241-1414; www.fairmont.com/laurier
28. Eat and drink a la Mordecai
Follow in the footsteps of the Bard of Montreal: Mordecai Richler. Down a medium-fat smoked-meat sandwich at Schwartz's (3895 St-Laurent Boulevard; www.schwartzsdeli.com); a chewy-sweet sesame bagel at St-Viateur Bagel (253 St-Viateur W., and others; www.stviateurbagel.com); veal mar-row hors d'oeuvre at French bistro L'Express (3927 St-Denis; 514-845-5333); and a rib steak at Moishe's (3961 St-Laurent;www.moishes.ca). Chase with a nice single malt.
29. Celebrate Quebec City's 400th anniversary
Special events in spring and summer include an exhibition from the Louvre; an all-night spectacle of dance, acrobatics and film on the banks and water of the St. Lawrence (Aug. 15); and the city's favourite chanteuse, Celine Dion, belting out her greatest hits on the Plains of Abraham (Aug. 22). www.myquebec2008.com
30. Opt for an island idyll
Need a break from the nonstop events? Slip over to the charming and fertile Ile d'Orleans by ferry or bridge from Quebec City. Just eight km wide and 34 km long, its patchwork of fields and pretty towns attracts an eclectic mix of artisans, from blacksmiths to makers of jam, cheese, cider and chocolate. www.iledorleans.com
31. Navigate a water labyrinth
Rev up your paddleboat and head off along the 6.5 km of canals that wend through the marshland near Wakefield. You will be equipped with a compass, radio and field guide (to help you identify resident plants and creatures). $40 per paddleboat. www.eco-odyssee.ca
32. Settle by the seaside
Pretty St. Andrew's-by-the-Sea offers the classic beach vacation: warm waters and sandy strands, a touch-pool where little ones can stroke a sea star, a salmon interpretation centre (with an underwater viewing room), whale-watching and a first-rate hotel (the Fairmont Algonquin). town. standrews.nb.ca/visitors.cfm
33. Shediac Lobster Festival
Take on a tasty crustacean at this yearly event featuring a kids' parade, lobster suppers, live music and a nightly lobster-eating contest.www.tourismnewbrunswick.ca
34. Watch the tide come in
At Hopewell Rocks National Park on the Bay of Fundy, discover the distinctive flowerpot rock formations and hidden sea caves. Then hunker down to watch some of the highest tides in the world come in, rising an amazing two to two and a half metres an hour. Adults $8.www.thehopewellrocks.ca
35. Uncover the covered bridges
The province boasts 64 of these rural icons. The longest, in Hartland, extends 390 metres. www.gnb.ca/0113/coveredbridges/coveredbridges-e.asp
36. Party like an Acadian
You'll feel like long-lost kin when you take part in Musique de la Baie. Every day in July and August, restaurants in Clare county, on the North Shore, gear up for kitchen parties. The fiddling is fiery and there's top tapping galore. Be sure to order rapure (a traditional Acadian dish of grated potato and meat). Schedule posted in April atwww.musiquedelabaie.ca.
37. Trace your family's path to the New World
If your ancestors were among the one-million immigrants, war brides and evacuees who arrived in Halifax from 1928 to 1971, there may well be a record at Pier 21, Canada's Immigration Museum. Come armed with info: date of arrival, ship name, etc. Staff researchers will dig up passenger lists, shipboard tales and photos. Adults $8.50.www.pier21.ca
38. Lounge in a deck chair - on the Titanic
OK, the deck chair you recline in at the Maritime Museum of the Atlantic is a replica, and the deck is an oversized photograph. But the Titanic exhibit features the wireless operator's log of the doomed ship's distress calls, one of the only intact deck chairs in the world that matches those that were on the Titanic and part of the grand staircase. Adults $8.50 in summer. museum.gov.ns.ca/mma/index.html
39. Dive into the past
Explore the underwater remains of the 64-gun Le Celebre, sunk by the British in Louisbourg Harbour in 1758, or the 180-foot-long sponge-and anemone-crusted section of the Arrow, an iron tanker that went down in the Bras d'Or Lakes in 1970. Easy Dive of Cape Breton Island organizes expeditions to the province's wealth of shipwrecks five days a week in summer. Cost varies. www.sporting-mountain.com
40. Get chummy with a shark
Take shelter in a shark cage, while a chum slick (blood and guts) is spread on the water to attract the sleek predators. $1,000 for up to six divers. Must be a certified scuba diver (not to mention stout of heart). August to October. www.lunenburgoceanadventures.com
41. Find evidence of the Earth's birth pangs
Interpreters at the Fundy Geological Museum point out cliffs that were once seabeds, deposits of volcanic laval rocks from ancient fissures and the treasures left behind by the tides as you walk along the ocean floor. Every day except Sunday. Register in advance. $5 to $10 a person. museum. www.gov.ns.ca/fgm
PRINCE EDWARD ISLAND
42. Celebrate Anne (with an "e")
Festivities to mark the 100th anniversary of Anne of Green Gables include a Green Gables garden party in PEI National Park, country fair and community picnic with old-fashioned games and races. Kids can dress in period costume, go to school in Avonlea, watch pig races or enter an Anne look-alike contest. Non-stop live entertainment and lots of ice cream and raspberry cordial (non-alcoholic, of course. For the harder stuff, head to Rossignol Estate Winery, the province's only winery, in Little Sands on the south shore; rossignolwinery.com).gov.pe.ca/visitorsguide
43. Walk the line
When the P.E.I. railway stopped service in 1989, the island converted its rails to the Confederation Trail. Bike or hike from one end of the island to the other past red-sand beaches and exuberant wildflowers. Free.www.islandtrails.ca
44. Pose with a 14-foot spud
The lowly potato holds an exalted place on the island. The 7,000-square-foot Potato Museum houses a Potato Hall of Fame, a collection of old farm machinery and a number of relocated historic buildings such as a one-room schoolhouse. Look for the giant spud outside the town of O'Leary. $6. www.peipotatomuseum.com
45. Exercise your pipes
The College of Piping and Celtic Performing Arts of Canada offers week-long workshops all summer long. Learn to play the bagpipes and drums or dance the Highland fling. Tuition varies. May need basic equipment. Register in advance. www.collegeofpiping.com
NEWFOUNDLAND AND LABRADOR
46. Stand at North America's most easterly point
This distinction belongs to Cape Spear, also the home of Newfoundland's oldest lighthouse. Wander the premises to get a sense of how a lighthouse keeper and his family might have lived in the 1800s.pc.gc.ca/lhn-nhs/nl/spear
47. Ogle an iceberg
Newfoundland and Labrador has bragging rights as iceberg alley. Massive flotillas of glacial ice begin arriving from Greenland from spring through early summer. Use www.icebergfinder.com to pick a promising cliff top, and watch the show drift by.
48. Do nothin' with the puffins
In spring, the penguin-like Atlantic puffin comes ashore to breed in colonies. Mum lays the eggs and dad helps to incubate them, spending some 43 days confined to the nest. Gatherall's Puffin and Whale Watch takes groups out daily from Bay's Bull, Nfld. May to early October. Adults $54. www.gatheralls.com
49. Learn Viking manners
Tour the remains of the 11th-century Viking community L'Anse aux Meadows National Historic Site. Then head to nearby St. Anthony for theGreat Viking Feast Dinner Theatre. The sod-covered restaurant, a replica of Leif Erickson's home, serves Jiggs dinner (salt meat with yellow split peas) and cod tongues, among other local delicacies. Don't forget to burp: It's good manners. www.fishingpoint.ca/feast.html
50. Dodge bullets on Signal Hill
Four days a week in summer, costumed soldiers break out the gunpowder and re-enact the final battle of the Seven Years' War on the historic crag of St. John's. Take in the panoramic views of the harbour and the city, with its jellybeancoloured houses. 11 a.m. and 3 p.m.parcscanada.pch.gc.ca/lhn-nhs/nl/signalhill
Top 10: best cities to visit and things to do in Canada
The largest city in Canada and arguably the best-known, Toronto is not the country's capital (Ottawa is), but it is the Ontarian. Like a more civilised, clean-cut New York, Toronto has its skyscrapers downtown, glitzy shopping in Yorkville and Bohemian districts in Queen Street West. It is also home to the CN Tower, once the world's tallest, at 1,815 feet.
2. Niagara Falls
Straddling the US-Canadian border, Niagara Falls is within reach of Toronto - and well worth it. The three falls combined, the Horseshoe Falls, the American Falls and the Bridal Veil Falls, form the highest flow rate of any waterfall in the world (around 2,400 m3 per second). Once you've seen the Falls (take a Maid of the Mist tour), explore the theme park-esque town that lives off the natural wonder's tourist appeal.
The second largest city in Canada, Montreal is France's home away from home. The city's official language is French and spoken by more than half of the population. The French also lend the city its sense of cool, laid-back chic. It is a cultural hub with more than a few international flavours and boasts more than 100 festivals a year.
Vancouver has been named the "best place to live in the world" more than a few times. The west coast city in British Columbia boasts a buzzy cultural life, a rich platter of ethnically diverse restaurants and a cosmopolitan population.
5. The Canadian Rockies
The Canadian Rockies span British Columbia and Alberta and is one of the world's most impressive mountain ranges. Boasting mind-boggling scenery and a number of Canada's highest peaks, the region is ideal for explorers. There are also a number of ski resorts in the mountain range, including Banff.
One of North America's largest and most popular ski resorts hosted the Winter Olympics in 2010 and boasts some 8,000 acres of pistes and 1,610m of vertical. Its ski area across two mountains - Whistler and Blackcomb - enjoys a long season from November to May and an impressive and reliable average snowfall.
7. The Yukon
The north west corner of Canada is a sparse expanse of peaks, wildlife and adventure. The Yukon is home to the highest mountain in Canada, Mount Logan (5,959m) and is a treasure trove of pristine nature. Sports enthusiasts can paddle lakes and rivers in canoes and kayaks, ride or walk trails, ski and snowboard or try ice climbing and dog sledding.
8. Quebec and Quebec City
Quebec, the largest province in Canada, and its capital, Quebec City, are on the country's east coast, and play host to some of Canada's most beautiful countryside. Quebec City is one of the oldest settlements in North America, French-speaking and home to the Château Frontenac, a 19th century hotel that dominates the city's skyline. Quebec the province, of which Montreal is a part, has small, picturesque towns, ski resorts and moose.
For a capital city, Ottawa is small and friendly and nowhere near the size of counterparts Toronto and Montreal. The city is charming and bike-friendly, peaceful and civilised, and a great base for exploring the Canadian wilderness on its doorstep in Ontario.
10. Nova Scotia and Halifax
Nova Scotia, or New Scotland, is not entirely dissimilar to its etymological cousin - famed for its seafood, nautical heritage and moderate climate. Its capital, Halifax, played a role in rescuing survivors from the Titanic over a century ago, and before that was the end point for the Royal Mail Ship Britannia's crossing from Liverpool in 1840, arriving at the historic port after only 12 days at sea.